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On May 9, 1887, “Buffalo Bill’s Wild West” opened in London, England. The show, developed by former Army scout “Buffalo” Bill Cody, was a circus-like extravaganza depicting an exciting, romantic fable of life in America’s “Wild West.” 
 
"Buffalo Bill’s Wild West" had already enjoyed years of success touring venues across the United States. The show featured Pony Express relay races, sharpshooting, Native Americans in costume, and cowboys performing rope tricks and daredevil horseback riding. The most extravagant and popular parts of the show were elaborately choreographed fights and staged attacks by Native Americans on forts or settlers’ cabins. Some of the celebrities who participated in "Buffalo Bill’s Wild West" include sharpshooter Annie Oakley, Lakota leader Sitting Bull, and frontierswoman Calamity Jane.
 
"Buffalo Bill’s Wild West" was wildly popular. Queen Victoria herself attended two performances, and the show traveled throughout Europe, Asia, and North America. In fact, the show eventually included “rough riders” from all over the world. Costumed Mongolians, gauchos, Arabs, vaqueros, and Cossacks joined American cowboys in demonstrating their equestrian skill.
bison
Noun

large mammal native to North America. Also called American buffalo.

choreograph
Verb

to plan and direct the movements of a dance.

Cossack
Noun

people and culture native to western Russia, Georgia, and Ukraine.

cowboy
Noun

person who herds cattle on a ranch, usually on a horse.

elaborate
Adjective

complex and detailed.

equestrian
Adjective

having to do with horses.

extravagant
Adjective

outrageous or unreasonable.

extravaganza
Noun

lavish production, often humorous or whimsical, with elaborate costumes and staging.

fable
Noun

traditional short story that usually has a moral lesson.

foe
Noun

enemy or antagonist.

fort
Noun

military outpost, area, or set of buildings.

frontier
Noun

largely unpopulated area that is slowly being opened up for settlement.

gaucho
Noun

South American cowboy.

Lakota
Noun

people and culture of seven Sioux tribes native to the Great Plains.

Native American
Noun

person whose ancestors were native inhabitants of North or South America. Native American usually does not include Eskimo or Hawaiian people.

pioneer
Noun

person who is among the first to do something.

Pony Express
Noun

(1860-1861) mail route between Missouri and California.

relay
adjective, noun

type of team racing where athletes compete in sequence. Also called a relay race.

soldier
Noun

person who serves in a military.

vaquero
Noun

Latin American cowboy.

venue
Noun

location of an event.

Wild West
Noun

(1850-1900) western part of the United States, before and during the establishment of stable government.